Institute for Complex Systems - Sapienza - CNR

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ISC Sapienza

Art-swarm

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From self-organized animal groups to distributed artificial swarms

 

National Coordinator: Irene Giardina

Funding Body: Italian Institute of Technology - Seed Project 2009

Starting Date: 1/6/2010

Ending Date: 30/5/2013

Description:

Three-dimensional animal aggregations, as bird flocks, fish schools and insect swarms, provide wonderful examples of emergent self-organization. The major issue, both for theoretical studies and for technological applications, is to understand how self-organization emerges within a system with distributed intelligence.In biological groups individual strategies are selected by evolution to achieve functioning and overall efficiency at collective level. Thus, empirically based information on these strategies would not only lead to more appropriate models, but also help to design optimal control strategies in artificial systems.

The aim of the  Art-swarm project is to exploit our knowledge of self-organized collective behaviour in animal groups (see project SWARM) to develop new empirically-based schemes of distributed coordination. Target applications will be cooperative mobile robotics for environmental monitoring, and nanorobotics for medical applications.